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Delta Review 2007

Electricity appeared at the beginningof the 20th century as a magic fairy and became an unavoidable element of our daily lifes. Can we live without it? The answer seems obvious, but the consideration of environmental impacts related to its production is necessary and inescapable.

Education, whatever fields it concerns or at whatever age it is received is crucial for passing knowledge and increasing it. The environment makes no exception and if you pay attention to the growing importance of the topic you will notice the big development of new training programs. Thus, in Jordan, the Princess Sumaya University for Technology will offer in February 2008 a Master of Science in Environmental Technology and Management. At the University of Geneva, in Switzerland, three new masters are given: "natural environement sciences", "climat and energy" and "globalization, urbanism and governance".

Environmental jobs, subject of this issue's dossier, are not new: the Romans erected impressive aqueducts providing entire cities with drinking water. Dikes were built for flood prevention. In the 19th century, the need to fight diseases in overpopulated industrialised cities lead to the creation of new job sectors like water treatment engineers or dustmen. Since the second half of the 20th century, environmental protection as prevention of risks for human health and ecosystems is written down in the legislation of numerous countries. A range of jobs were created to answer these legal prescriptions.

GMO standing for genetically modified organisms… Three letters that agitate the political, economic and scientifical worlds for several decades now. Opponents and supporters of GMO cultivation confront using sometimes fallacious arguments. This issue of the DELTA Review attempts to give some answers to the most relevant questions: how to create GMOs, why cultivate them, what are the advantages and disadvantages, what role do GMOs play in Maghreb and Mashreq?

The Delta Review investigates another major challenge of the 21st century, that of water resources depletion. Present in our numerous daily activities and essential raw material of the economy, the blue gold is also an expression that makes most sense in countries whose water resources are limited as those of the Maghreb and Machreq.

This current issue addresses the ongoing controversy about global warming. Although there is a dominant consensus, some observers still speak up against global warming, reminding the natural cycles of the Earth, underlining the sun's fundamental role on climate, putting the human contribution of global CO2 emissions into perspective, pointing out the underlying economic interests in the new climate market or warning about inherent totalitarian tendencies.Well, what should we think

This issue focuses on environmentally-friendly and economically-efficient means of transport, such as public transport (train, bus) and non- motorised transport (cycling, walking). Of course, the aim is not to banish the use of automobile. Cars offer mobility, security and comfort. Yet motor vehicles generate some hidden costs that must be disclosed. In this respect, concepts such as for instance intermodal transport, carsharing and ecodriving can make the automobile usage more sustainable without necessarily demonizing it.

This issue focuses on the emergence of ethics and sustainability principles for banks and financial institutions. The Equator Principles are a set of guidelines for voluntary good practice that provide a framework for banks to manage environmental and social issues in large-scale project financing.

This issue focuses on the concept of eco-urbanism, which is related to quality of living and ecology in cities.

This issue addresses the emergence of green architecture, which integrates energy and environmental concerns in the construction branch.

This issue focuses on Cleaner Production in Hotel and Tourism Industry.

This issue concerns with protected areas, which are a vital contribution to the preservation of the world's natural and cultural resources.
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