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Economic Assessment of Poverty and Environment Linkages in Mozambique


The Government of Mozambique is implementing the Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) under the jointly programme developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). The first phase of the PEI (2005- 2007) focused on exploring the links between poverty and environment, capacity building and training to integrate environment in national development plans.

The current phase - the second phase of the PEI - was formulated with a general focus on improving poverty and environmental mainstreaming into the policies, planning and budgeting processes at national, sectoral and district levels to support the implementation of Action Plan for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty II and the Environmental Strategy for Sustainable Development. The project is being jointly implemented by the Ministry for the Coordination of Environmental Affairs, and the Ministry of Planning and Development.

With the aim of strengthening the national analysis capacities of the links between poverty and environment, PEI Phase II is supporting a background study that will lead to a more thorough understanding of the role that sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems can play in poverty reduction in Mozambique. To answer this objective, the current program launched in Mozambique requires an environmental economic study and specific case studies which are able to demonstrate the importance of a sustainable use and management of the environment and the natural resources.

The Project implemented by sba on October 2010 and ended in Spring 2012.


The study plans to answer to the four main objectives:


The main beneficiaries are:

Project implementation

Inception Phase

The inception mission was devoted to ensure that the methodological framework and work plan are appropriated and fully understood by the national experts. In this respect, the team of international consultant from sba and local experts did finalise the methodological framework and adapted it to the context of Mozambique. The data availability was also examined in order to ensure the feasibility of the study.

General Study

The general study will propose a matrix that assesses the links between environment and social and economic development at the national level. The consequences of these linkages on poverty and poverty reduction will be examined. The general study will provide evidences on the contribution of natural resources to livelihoods and the way sustainable management may favour the population most directly dependent on the resources.

Case Studies

Case studies will be proposed in order to show specific information on the way the Government of Mozambique may act and invest for environmental preservation, poverty reduction and economic growth in Mozambique. The specific case studies will provide an in-depth assessment of the contribution of the environment to three sectors in particular, namely health, agriculture & forestry and fisheries.

Expected results

The project will provide the following overall results:

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