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Economic Assessment of the Environment and Natural Resources in Burkina Faso


The Burkina Faso has significant natural resources, tremendously varied and rare fauna and flora as well diverse ecosystems. Despite the current increase of environmental awareness raising at the national level, the poverty and socio-economic stakes put a lower priority on the environment issues. This is an alarming situation as the economic growth of Burkina Faso relies predominantly on its natural resources. Indeed, the primary sector (agriculture, breeding and forestry) represents 70% of the total country exports (in value) and employs 80% of the labour force.

In this context, sustainable management and use of natural resources is a necessary condition for the economic growth on the long term and the improvement of living conditions among the poorest populations.

Project framework and objectives

With the aim of strengthening the national capacities to analyse the links between poverty and environment, the Ministry of the Environment of Burkina Faso, with the support of the UNDP-UNEP, launched a joint programme: « Poverty and Environment Initiative - Burkina Faso ". To achieve this target, the on-going programme requires an economic analysis to demonstrate the importance of sustainable use and management of the environment, natural resources and eco-systemic services to achieve higher (or stable) economic growth and reduce poverty.

The current assessment targets the following objectives:

Project Approach

Phase I

The environmental economic assessment of the national level (phase I) will provide an overview of the environment costs and benefits in the Burkina Faso and will identify the key productive sectors for a relevant and detailed analysis. This phase will be based on:

Phase II

The Phase II of the study aims at refining the analysis undertaken at the national level (Phase I) by including entry points at meso-economic level: in the regions, sectors or sub-sectors with significant link to poverty-environment-development. This phase includes:


The first beneficiaries of the project are institutions, organisations and decision-makers dealing with and regulating the national resources.
Indirectly, the project will benefit to the Burkina Faso population by supporting in the medium term a better and more systematic integration of environmental issues into the political and economic decision-making process.

Project beneficiaries

The first beneficiaries of the project are institutions, organisations and decision-makers managing and regulating the national resources. In an indirect way, the project has to benefit to the whole population of the Burkina Faso by favouring in the medium term a better and more systematic one inclusion of environmental considerations in economic and policy decisions.

Project partners

  • Ecosys SA, Suisse | company active in the field of applied environmental economics
  • Centre d'Etudes, de Documentation et de Recherche Economiques et Sociales (CEDRES), Burkina Faso | public scientific, technical and cultural establishment

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